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Validation of the OWLS, a screening tool for measuring prescription opioid use disorder in primary care

**Objective:** The OWLS is a screening tool for prescription opioid use disorder designed for use in primary care. This study aimed to confirm the optimal wording, scoring methods, and cutoff for the OWLS. **Design and Setting:** Cross-sectional …

Comparing rates and charateristics of ambulance attendances related to extramedical use of pharmaceutical opioids in Victoria, Australia from 2013 to 2018

**Background and aims:** Despite increases in opioid prescribing and related morbidity and mortality, few studies have comprehensively documented harms across opioid types. We examined a population‐wide indicator of extramedical pharmaceutical …

Changes in Australian prescription opioid use following codeine rescheduling: A retrospective study using pharmaceutical benefits data

**Purpose:** In February 2018, Australia up-scheduled the 'weak' opioid codeine to a prescription only medication. This study aimed to analyse the change in prescribing trends for codeine and other commonly prescribed opioids in Australia following …

Recent trends in heroin and pharmaceutical opioid-related harms in Victroia, Australia up to 2018

**Aims:** To characterize the trajectory in the years leading up to 2018 in pharmaceutical opioid and heroin morbidity in Victoria, Australia, and to assess the effect on that trajectory of reformulation of oxycodone to a form that could not be …

Comparing rates and charateristics of ambulance attendances relted to extramedical us of pharmaceuticalopioids in Australia: a protocol for a retrospective observational study

**Introduction and aims:** Extramedical use of, and associated harms with pharmaceutical opioids are common. Analysis of coded ambulance clinical records provides a unique opportunity to examine a national population-level indicator of relative …

How prepared are pharmacists to provide over-the-counter naloxone? The role of previous education and new training opportunities

**Introduction and Aims:** Opioid overdose can be reversed with timely administration of naloxone. In Australia, naloxone was rescheduled from prescription only (S4) to pharmacist only over-the-counter (OTC, S3) in February 2016, increasing access …